发表于 2011-11-29 23:45:02
asics kinsei 3Basketball knowledge
Point guard (PG) |
PG (Point Guard) is the opportunity to pitch the ball up to the people who take the ball from the backcourt safe zone play up front, then pass the ball to other teammates, this has scoring opportunities for other people if that small forward is the protagonist of a play, then the point guard is the play's director.
what constitutes a passing point guard, first, his ability to dribble is absolutely indispensable, and he must be able to defend him in only one case, there is no problem with over half the ball and then he also has good passing ability, can in most of the time, passed the ball to where the ball should be: sometimes you can shoot a gap, sometimes a better guide the ball position. Simply put, he wants the ball movement was smooth, he must be able to pass the ball The easiest place to score. and then further to say that he will have to organize the team's offensive, so offensive teammates smoother.
for a point guard and some other requirements in the score, the ball Team members are often on the last score, which means that unless the other players do not have a good chance shot, or he is not an easy shot, or to another point of view, and he has quite a strong ability to score, but its score ability to destroy each other's defense, create opportunities for teammates to back. All in all, players control a constant principle: on the spot any chance is better than his teammates, he must throw the ball to teammates better opportunities, so control player's hand is often a good shooting opportunity, we naturally demands for his hit rate is relatively high, in general, should be in over half, shooting guard than small forward and high capacity in the score, outside and cut two of his essential tool.
shooting guard (SG)
shooting guard (Shooting Guard), its difficult to know the meaning of words, the main task of his score, he is second only in the field in the second-leading scorer at small forward, but he does not need to practice like a small forward, the general skill of singles, as he often is a teammate to help him find the gap after the shooting , but also because of this, and his associate head outside stability to be very good.
shooting guard often do two things, first there is a good gap to vote outside, so his head outside and stability of a certain quasi-better , or else his teammates untold Wan bitter denied a good opportunity, but do not go to vote if, on the team's morale and confidence to deal with a substantial second is to find the gap in the small gap to vote outside, so he shot the speed of fast A good point guard can not always have such a good hope for each gap, should be in a very short period of time to find opportunities to shot, and hit rate should have a certain level, the case, in order for the enemy defense scruples, must pull defensive circle, but more conducive to offensive teammates in the penalty area.
so that the point guard must be a high hit rate Luo? is not true, because although we hope he has better quasi-head , but do not forget he shot are quite far away from regular, we can not expect a cast outside shooter than others to be accurate to hit the basket to play board is higher now! What's more, sometimes they have to guard opportunities for singles to find their own shot or find cracks in the human gap, so he's hit rate is not too high, which is understandable. In general, can Daosi Cheng seven or even 48 percent is good, over half is the last choice.
small forward (SF)
small forward (Small Forward) but the team who scores the most important. For small forward is the most fundamental requirement to be able to score, but more long-range score. small forward at short ball, the first thought is how stuffed the ball to the basket, he may get rebounds, but not necessary; he may be will pass, but unnecessary; he may bounce very well, but still unnecessary; he may be an excellent defender, but still unnecessary. small forward basic job is to score, score, score again.
small forward, but on the hit rate requirements minimum of one location, as long as 45% even if the general was passing on, and Sichengyishang can accept of course that there is a premise that he can score if the ball a little forward was a seven per game, eighth, hit rate is still only 40% of it, it might as well forget him to the bench. then again, why the small forward hit rate can be relatively low? because he was the team's leading scorer, he often must actively look for opportunities to shoot, to be stabilizing at some point, even a more difficult way to improve morale singles opponents, and even to the opponents played rough, giving the enemy head-on blow, etc. Therefore, there will be more opportunities for small forward shot, but may be less good opportunity, so we can allow him to lower the hit rate, so long as he can score.
power forward (PF)
power forward (Power Forward) in the team's task as almost all of the hard labor of Lord, to rebound, defend, and ultimately, his card bit, but to shoot, score, he was often the last one, so that the power forward on the basketball court can be regarded as a most humble role.
power forward primary job is to catch rebounds. power forward usually grab the most rebounds on the team, he restricted card in place, and with the center, often to stir up the team in rebounding task, while in the attack, he often block to help teammates who then managed to squeeze in a teammate to grab rebounds after the shot, do the second wave of attacks, usually only a few time, the power forward will be asked to sink to the bottom singles, this time he will stand in a restricted zone near to a small hook shot and the like, do a close attack.
usually less since the big striker shot, and its location shooting and often very close to the basket, then hit his shot high of the natural requirements. five locations in the field, the power forward is one of the highest hit rate, a good power forward should reach Daowu Cheng more than five but not his strong point as score, so he can score much, but rebounds certainly should pay attention to much more. In addition, the defensive ability of the natural hot pot is necessary for a power forward because he wants to consolidate the restricted area,asics kinsei 3, defense is of course important fact to put it bluntly, power forward is to do two things: rebounding and defense.
the past, the power forward is often to hard labor, in the field they are rare opportunities to catch singles , but now changing the concept of basketball, power forward slowly on offense will be strengthened, which is the biggest difference between past and present power forward, but a good power forward, or to hard labor in the restricted area-based. able to catch the rebound to a defense, but the ability of poor offensive players, we would say he is a good power forward, but they can score in a rebounding, defensive players on the dereliction of duty, can not be regarded as a power forward.
center (Center) As the name suggests but a central figure in the team he most time is to stay in the restricted area in selling labor, selling body, his attack on the defensive, is the team's hub button, so named as center.
center to do what work? First of all, since he is restricted area inside the bread, then the rebound is absolutely indispensable. again, the restricted area is a battleground between the teams, of course, can not let the opponent inside easily come to this attack, so the blocks, cover pot's ability to indispensable, while in the attack, the center often have the opportunity to stand within the restricted area near the free-throw line (which was the center of the offensive field) the ball, then he should also have a good ability to guide the ball, the ball to a more appropriate corner sent above three, is the center should have the basic skills in the team, the center also often charged with the responsibility to score, he is the main inside scorer, and the corresponding inside and outside the small forward because he wants to singles Therefore, the requirements on the hit rate can be lower, but his shot is often closer to the position of the basket, so the hit rate and it should be higher, roughly speaking, 52 percent can be used as a standard requirement for center hits, is second only to power forward.
have accomplished a good center in the attack, the center position near the basket singles have the ability, he should be able to do the singles action back to the basket, turned to shooting is the most common one, and jump hook, hook shot is way more difficult defense to score. Defensively, a good center to be called that in addition to keep the look of their own players, the timely help teammates defense is necessary. Simply put, if the enemy's defensive players go past teammates and came to the basket, center they should have the courage of man guards the pass, hold one's closed, of course, can not say that every time impermeable to water, but always have a the so-called center outside his normal center of the difference is, his main attack is to go outside to outside investment, and less work to do singles restricted due to the high center of the head, the other shorter people simply could not restrain, so to outside shot can leads to the other side of the center, so its very useful when a strong forward, and in the defense, he is no different with the general center, still defensive for Fang Zhongfeng, still grasping rebounds.
basketball key terms term general account
(1) dunk: athletes with one hand or both hands holding the ball, jump ball in the air directly into the buckle top-down ring.
(2) lay-up shot: Missed time, athletes jump in the air the ball up into the basket.
(3) for position: the use of footwork to attack people who stand in his defense behind him, this step is called card-bit.
(4) then lead Ball: passing along the flight direction, homeopathic ball.
(5) dislocation defense: defense of people in their own defense stations were offensive side of the trunk, to block the ball he called misplaced defense.
(6) to place: the body to attack people who stand in defense behind the ball to occupy a favorable position.
(7) break: dribble beyond the defender.
(empty cut: offensive to the basket were running empty-handed.
(9) a pass: those who received the ball from the defensive to offensive of the 1st pass.
(10) Block: shooting attack were shot, the defense managed to knock the ball in the air action.
(11) fill the seats: When a defender lost the right defensive position, the other a defense of its people make the right defensive position in time.
(12) defense: to help fellow defense.
(13) tight Defensive force: close to attack people, continue to defend the use of offensive action, or threaten the safety of the other ball to prevent the other ball.
(14) Xiecha: From sidelines to center court slash to the basket or gallop.
(15) Time difference: In the shooting, in order to avoid the defense of the cover, the use of air for the time to change the shooting hand.
(16) Cohesion: the offensive player without the ball, take the initiative to scramble the ball.
(17) off the bit: The offense and defense conversion, both offensive and defensive lineup.
(1 coordinate: offensive team up front or middle of the audience members through the collusion of the organization's tactical coordination and transfer of the ball, resulting in a cutting , around cut and cover other offensive opportunities.
(19) cover: the offensive player at a reasonable technical movements, with the companion body to block the opponent's path to peer out of defense creating an attack of opportunity with.
(20) conflict points: the ball after breaking ball with the offensive players.
(21) mass cut: the use of offensive players pass the ball immediately after the air cut, quasi-service attack on the ball,
(22) filling-in: When a defensive player out of position, Breakthrough offensive players may have a direct score, the other a defender nearby immediately give up their opponents, to prevent the ball breaking the attackers.
(23) rotations : defense exchange of defensive players.
(24) close: close to the ball by two defensive players to the attackers close rapid breakthrough in the direction to form a> (25) attack: two defenders stuck a joint offensive players, blocking the passing lanes.
(26) push through: with the two offensive players to cover when the cover of those players were Fangde After its close on the cover of the attackers is nearing completion with the moment, seize the position, from the way through sideways between two offensive players, destroy their cover, and continue to defend their opponents.
how to improve shooting Basketball is a hit rate
technology more integrated sports, the number of shots determines the outcome of the game. So, how to create more scoring opportunities, improve the shooting of hit rate, the following is in the teaching and training in some way:
First, strengthen the standardization of shooting practice. shooting action with one hand and both hands,moncler ski pants, no matter which way, the action must be done strictly according to standardized. to develop and master the shot of the muscles feel is a priority in all the prerequisites, which should increase the standardization of shooting practice, and ultimately achieving dynamic stereotype.
Second, improve the body's level of training. is to complete the physical training of technical actions, based on shooting has a significant impact, such as poor physical training team, exercise increases, the hit rate decreased, so shooting and physical training should be combined in a certain time limit the number of shooting strength training, in order to stress intense competition, there is enough physical strength to ensure stability and shooting to improve.
Third, choose a good shot selection, decisive shot. good shot selection, shooting is to improve the key to a good scoring opportunity rely on individual and team meet to create, capture the shot to be good at the time. shooting were to observe the defender's center of gravity, location, away from the defense, once the defender lost the normal anti position, can not interfere with the shot, or shot by the use of fake lure defender lost focus, location, and anti-distance, the shot of creating a shooting opportunity, decisive shot. use the opportunity created by the team tactics or the use of offensive and defensive sides of the time difference between a temporary and spatial difference immediately shot.
Fourth, the desire to have a strong shot and self-confidence. a strong desire and self-confidence is to improve the shooting shooting the premise of the shoot plays an important role in the shooting were able to make the teaching of comprehensive training to master a variety of shooting skills, play to their initiative in response to students some of the usual care, help, more encouragement and praise, to develop self-confidence of those shots.
five, and systemic stability, coordination and training of hand movements. race, who often see some shots in the sudden loss of body balance by external force when the ball dropped into the still, which shows a good shot's body coordination, shot the ball the moment, body and hands are relatively stable, shots were strong sense of time and space, feel good, strong self-confidence, so that even the act of shooting power, soft , natural action, consistency, and smooth.
six, choose the right shot angle and shot the ball's flight path, according to the science and practice that, shot the ball affects the ball's angle of flight path, the ball's flight path is generally a low arc, the arc and high arc three, generally in the arc is the best, but because the distance shooting, team build The quality of the different height and bounce, so in the shot, the ball's flight path will be different, in the training set according to actual situation the same time, a stable psychological factors are also important, learn self-regulation and self-psychological suggestion, not by the referee, the venue, the audience, the atmosphere and the impact of the score, to take reasonable and decisive action to shoot.
several ways to pass the manner in which
pass depending on the circumstances. way Although different, but there are several points is the same:
pass are all done with your fingers instead of palms. to control the ball's speed, direction, the fingers should be open as much as possible (but not too stiff), the wrist must be flexible.
basketball has the following main pass way:
chest pass chest pass from the fast, effective, and is the most common way of passing his hands holding a preparatory station: for teammates to pass, looked up, knees, fingers open, hold the ball in the chest, elbows slightly outward, pushing the ball out outriggers, forward one step forward, the ball shot up when the finger, forward.
(hands) bounce pass the ball bounce pass is often used with open arms from the defensive teammates came under his hands the technical essentials bounce pass and chest pass from the above mentioned Like the ball, but the ball came out strong fingers down, the ball hit the floor after the rebound, the ball teammates to reach the location of the waist.
ball underhand underhand pass is a short distance passing, usually to pass the ball from his teammates closer: Hold the ball with your fingers lower, overhanging the ball, step by step direction to pass, to do with the ball when the fixed wrist action, but also pass the ball to the ball teammate's waist position.
(hands) we often see the head pass grab a rebound in basketball players pass the ball this way before in the far field in a good position teammates, his hands head defender on the ball can cross, and can be passed very far,Automobile, his hands holding the ball from the sides of the ball (finger up), placed in the head, elbow bend, the direction of the pass across the wrist, while a step backward turn, move behind the ball , throw the ball forward, power forward down the wrist. (to do the same action with the ball)
how to steal the ball is successfully
steals one of the basic skills of basketball, You can steal away the opponent's attack opportunity to bring a quick counter-attack,chanel ピアス, you can make your team play a climax, if you steal successfully, the opponent will be extremely depressed. how to improve the success of the green rate of steals, the following method will You can help .
First, pressed against him, each player has their own habits dribble hand, should be pressed on one side of his best habits, forcing him back to you, but also back facing the basket.
Second, once he turned his back to you, you should firmly stick to him, and a little squat, so you can quickly move to any of their side of the same time, should be open arms, hands spread out and to relax, so if given the chance will be shot steals.
third, as long as the opponent waiting for an opportunity pass, you will be able to start, although you have to keep him from beginning to end on high alert to prevent the ball being You poke out, however, because passing partners to find their own, there is always a moment he can not focus your attention, he tried to steal the ball the moment it is the best time you can suddenly put his hand off the racket, and then fishing the ball back.
be noted that this action is very dangerous, the referee can easily be blown foul, so you'd better poke the ball away, even if you can not get the ball, chances are your partner will designate one behind. steals the ball also needs to work hard to train hard, you can practice one on one peer, once the hard work under enough, surely a matter of course.
how to defend the ball when faced with fear
ball was shot, his back to dig defensive hate to be the face of the defense, the other two steals method:
1. in your right hand on the ball when a big step, his body attached to the right side of your body, arms longus, and the ball into your body between the ball brushed.
2. extraordinary in your right hand for the left hand when a small step on, just put your arm ball online, so you put the ball into his hands.
method to deal with first off, just when the fierce rivals rushed to the right side of the body, with the left shoulder stand in each other's path, the other party got the message, or slow down; or hit your head and shoulders, 有苦说不出, know that you are not to be trifled with.
off to deal with the second method, remember that control of the ball a little lower on the list. back to defense, they often force the other party and dig, and made your heart is true, in fact, forced to deal with each other You dig your best way to take the initiative to squeeze him, and once choked him, he mobility, naturally can not give you the ball off . This was one fast break in play especially effective when you do not punch much faster, as long as the wearer against the other, while the ball side of the basket, while you will have to play the role of the left hand, right hand ball, the left hand must be stretched too long, the best block in each other around the waist, so that the movements of the other you a clear picture,Please suggest bloggers applaud the aircraft landing, particularly suitable for this move turned extraordinary.
how to dribble dribble the basketball training and competition is important, it allows players:
not pass to a teammate in the ball forward when their attack; the ball to move to a more favorable position to pass to a teammate; or waiting for teammates in place then control the ball when passing; his dribble to the hoop direction of the shot or layup and completed, but Do not dribble too much is also very important if you dribble too much in the game, four other teammates will only stand there and watch you , to lose the basketball team spirit advocated, and transportation the ball is slower (faster ball to the hoop direction of the ball) and you should learn how to dribble, should learn when to dribble (when to pass).
should dribble with your fingers, rather than the palm of your hand. dribble preferably not more than waist height (it is easier to control the ball). dribble wrist to relax with a squeezing action Bounce the ball down, not beating action. to train skilled hands can be dribble. began to dribble in place the first study, Proficiency can walk around while dribbling. Do not dribble too much when you consider the speed, the first master good luck ball technology dribble move in after the technical master, and then began to increase the speed until at full speed. take what you can comfortably speed to dribble as a standard.
dribble should rise, always observe the court case if the dribble simply bow watch, it is easy Pirates of the opponent the ball, but also in a good position to see his teammates, and even easier to shoot in between the location of do not know.
controlled dribble dribble only when you feel difficult to pass when, without may fast forward,miu miu 新作 バッグ火箭海外淘金团又添一员 巴丁格正, or you are ready to observe the market situation when passing or shooting, you should use controlled dribble in knee to waist high dribble. knees slightly bent, lean forward, so that you easily control strike, it is easy to fast speed. does not participate in the dribble and elbow flexion of the arm should be stretched out to maintain balance, but also to prevent the opponent is close.
quickly dribble the ball fast you want to punch in Of course, when the forward market to quickly dribble. At this point the body should lean forward a little shot to the front of the ball, dribbling slightly higher altitude, in the chest and waist between the body is on the direction of movement, the eyes observe the audience.
Speed dribble dribble players to break through the opponents defense can use speed dribble (of course, can suddenly change direction or fake). speed dribble dribble required in addition to changing the speed, but also to change the dribble height with a small pace close to the opponent, then suddenly speed (stride length also increased),コーチ アウトレット メンズ, and to dribble down to knee height position, fast break forward. speed dribble requires a lot of practice to effectively use.
one hand the original to shoot one-handed set shot
, especially for young people, is a basic way of shooting, we shot with his right hand for example:
placed the ball with both hands and eyes with high position, then slightly to the right side, right foot over left foot slightly forward, knees slightly bent,bailey ugg boots, move the ball on the right hand wrist extension, the ball most of the weight falls on the right hand, left hand held onto the ball gently from the left, feet and palm force, and lift the heel, straight knees, threw the ball right arm extended, wrist bent backward from the shooting began, and then upward, forward, fingertips is the last to leave the sphere of the parts of the three-step layup practice
three-step layup is the most basic, most simple shooting technique. The following three-step layup with his right hand example of how to practice:
from about 3,4 meters away from the basket in front of the right at the beginning of Shaopian, with his right hand toward the basket with one hand dribbling forward direction, the final step taken with the left foot (and prepare take-off), cross the final step, hold the ball with both hands (left hand in front of the ball, his right hand behind the ball and the ball near the bottom), left foot take-off force, keeping the eyes near the rim in the direction you want the ball delivered to the left to leave the ball, holding the ball up the right arm fully extended one, and bounce to the highest point, by the wrist force (called hand) layup, and other skilled movements and then practice with the other hand layup. If you feel dribble off point which is difficult to grasp or adjust the final step, you can place on the first learning step, jump, shoot, skilled future starting from the dribble.
jumper to jumper
benefits is not as easy as the set shot is the opponent blocks. young players may be because of leg, arm, shoulder and back muscles are not strong enough and do not good jump shot, that can temporarily give up, or lack of strength due to errors caused by the action will affect the self-confidence, so that future force requirements is difficult to get a good jumper. jumper technical essentials are as follows:
ball with both hands, non-shooting hand placed in front or side of the ball (as you put a comfortable position.) shooting hand placed on the back of the ball, knees slightly bent, hands on the ball to move from the chest above the eye, then his legs upward bounce. jump, the elbow (forearm backward), the wrist is turned back. Skip to the highest point, reach the forearm, wrist forward, threw the ball down, with the ball movement (see for shooting) to the full, Eyes should always live rim Ding.
basketball shooting training and competitions can have many different ways of shooting, but no matter what kind of shooting method, there are two points must be done:
force from the soles of the feet, which means that although the shooting hand, but the power is launched from the feet and the palm, and then the ankle, knee, hip, upper body, arms, wrists, and finally the power delivered to the fingertips the basketball throw. the power of the transfer should be a coherent and coordinated process.
arm posture, upper arm and forearm should be 90 degrees, while the wrist and forearm extension also showed a nearly 90 degrees, and with the upper arm parallel to the ball of the finger, the lower part. shot, upward, forward outriggers (of course, point to the basket), upward, forward force bent wrist, and finally launch the ball with your fingers, so the next shot will have basketball rotation, rebounding, or hit a rebound basket does not produce much. should also make hand contact time with the basketball as long as possible (that is, with the ball movement for a long time), it is a good control of the ball's direction of motion, increase the hit rate of shooting Do not give much thought at the beginning of the ball is dropped into the basket. to focus on body posture, movement and rhythm of the act of shooting every time the action shots to repeat the same essentials, the correct action becomes very smooth shooting when the hit rate will naturally be boosted. It should also be in a different location away from the basket, practice shooting angle.
basketball play basketball injury and prevention
prone When the bones have not hardened young people are strongly stimulated the knee, the most prone to knee swelling .
prevention methods; strong incentive to do some knee movement, such as full knee movement, rabbit jumping, etc., do not do too excessive, around the knee while training to strengthen the movement.
1. ankle sprain in practice before the tape (created stumbling cream, bandages) wrapped ankle sprain can be a little effect, according to prevention. However, the most effective method remains: do ankle exercise to prepare the side kick play sports, while also strengthening the muscles is not moved and if unfortunately sprains, cold part of the first patient, in imposing the appropriate pressure can only be used when ice cold, pressure When the first pad to sponge sponge from the top with elastic bandage.
2. finger poke a finger injury because of the impact generated by the strong. Prevention: To fully prepared to do the finger movement. fingers The Slaughter of injury, according to the degree can be divided into five kinds 1 sprain, (2) dislocation, 3 fractures, 4 tendon rupture, 5 fell trauma (cracked skin). If the sprain occurs, the cure method with other parts of the sprain, first cold, as soon as 2 to 3 days after, while in the heat of the parts of the massage. dislocation to be able to endure the pain, so that medical staff will straighten the finger, restitution, and then dispose of the same as the previous method. The Slaughter of serious finger injuries, fractures, tendon is not allowed to tamper with the crack, speed is the best way to hospital treatment.
3. bit of muscle from the muscle to exert acute shock strength (flexion. extension), caused by muscle or muscles in the muscle fibers of muscle membrane part of the hair